Perm has a well trained and skilled young population due to availability of many institutions of higher education such as:
Perm State University
Perm National Research Polytechnic University
Perm State Medical Academy
Perm State Pharmaceutical Academy
Perm State Agricultural Academy
Perm State Academy of Fine Arts and Culture
State University - Higher School of Economics (Perm branch)
Perm State Pedagogical University
Besides, in Perm there are more than 30 research institutes such as the Institute of Ecology and Genetics of Microorganisms, the Heart Institute.
In the Soviet times Perm scientists contributed much to the development of rocketry and space en-gineering. There were several design bureaus and research institutes doing research in this field.